Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Winston-Louisville Career & Technology Center 2nd 9 week Star Students

Outstanding students or “STAR” students were recently selected at the Winston-Louisville Career & Technology Center for the 2nd 9 week term. Each teacher selects an outstanding first year student and an outstanding second-year student from their program for the nine-week term. These students are selected on performance, attitude, and potential for success in their career field.

1st Block Star Students at the Winston-Louisville Career & Technology Center





















Nathan Lampley, Simulation & Animation Design 2; Madison Boykin, Teacher Academy 2; LaKevias Daniel, Carpentry, Preston Grice, Automotive Technology 2, RJ Pierce, Forestry 2; Charner Estes, Welding 2; Sabien Nash, Culinary Arts 2; Joshua Nolt, Ag Power

2nd Block Star Students at the Winston-Louisville Career & Technology Center

Kaleb Rigdon, Automotive Technology 1; Marion Ming, Teacher Academy 1;  Caleb Warren, Welding 1; Andrea Hardin, Culinary Arts 1; Ariel Moore, Health Science 1; Jesse Boydstun, Forestry 1; Blake Wyatt, Simulation & Animation Design 1

3rd Block Star Students at the Winston-Louisville Career & Technology Center

David Doster,Ag Tech; Zackery Miller, Career Pathway, Will Huntley, Construction 1

Seth Cumberland – Automotive Tech 1 , Jennifer Hays – Culinary Arts 1, Joshua Nolt – Forestry 1 





Monday, January 30, 2017

American Red Cross Points of Collection & Distribution for Tornado Donations

The American Red Cross of Mississippi has created a support circle through churches in Hattiesburg to make sure everyone affected by the tornado on Jan. 21st is served. The following churches have agreed to be points of collection and points of distribution for donated goods in the community:

Antioch Baptist Church
1100 John St.
Hattiesburg, MS

East Jerusalem Baptist Church (This site is also a Volunteer Response Center)
410 Tipton St.
Hattiesburg, MS

West Point Baptist Church
184 Hartfield Rd
Hattiesburg, MS

Zion Chapel AME
621 New Orleans St.
Hattiesburg, MS

The Diplomat Center / The Holy Place Worship Center
723 Bowling Street
Hattiesburg, MS

In addition, volunteers and volunteer groups alike should coordinate all activities through the two Volunteer Response Centers (VRC) so that response is most efficient. The following VRCs are open:

Hattiesburg VRC, coordinated by Volunteer Mississippi and the Knights of ColumbusLocation: East Jerusalem Baptist Church
Address: 410 S. Tipton St. Hattiesburg, MS 39401
Hours of Operation: 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Phone: 601-606-3523
E-mail: vrchattiesburg@gmail.com


Petal Volunteer Response Center
Location: Petal Civic Center
Address: 712A S. Main Street, Petal
Hours of Operation: 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Phone: 601-606-7465
E-mail: vrcpetal@gmail.com




Prevent Mold From Ruining Your Home and Your Health

Floodwaters have receded from the severe storms that the Pine Belt area beginning January 21, but they are leaving behind the perfect damp environment for mold and mildew to thrive, advises state health officials.

According to the Mississippi State Department of Health (MSDH), mold can be identified by its musty, earthy odor and its fuzzy growth or discoloration on hard surfaces, furniture and carpeting. But it is not always visible – it can spread through cooling/heating ducts as well as wall insulation. It can cause coughing, sneezing, wheezing and asthma that should be treated by a doctor.

Friday, January 27, 2017

Winston County Genealogical & Historical Society Requests Assistance

The Winston Genealogical & Historical Society is preparing an update to their tombstone listing of Winston County from 1993-2015. They would like to include a section for tombstones dated before 1993 that were missed in the last book.

If you know of such tombstones, please contact the library at 662-773-3212 and leave you contact information. The Society will be back to you.

Here are are some examples of things they are looking for:

  1. A tombstone that was missed.
  2. A memorial tombstone or plaque that has been added.
  3. A military tombstone that has been added such as Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Civil War, Spanish American War, etc..
  4. A burial site that may not have a tombstone or marker which was discovered while doing family history, such as from a Bible records, a diary, or death certificate.
Your assistance will be appreciated.










Thursday, January 26, 2017

Winston County Genealogical Society Donates Obituary Card File To Library

Pictured L to R Front: Gloria Sarvis, Bobbie Holder, Connie Jaragin, Dot McCorkle and Bill Lamb.  Pictured L to R Back: Kathryn Kirk(seated), Jennie Morel, Diana Northcutt, David Holder, Beth Edwards, Joyce Kirkpatrick, Cathy Jones, and Martha Weeks.

The obituary card file project was inspired by the late Louis Taunton and his collection of files that were left to the Winston County Library. The Winston County Genealogical and Historical Society (WCGHS) expanded his effort into a collection spanning 23 years, 1993-2015. Members of the society worked diligently during the last four years on this project.

David Holder, President and Preservation Coordinator of WCGHS was instrumental in getting this project underway. He praised the members of WCGHS and community volunteers for their dedication and perseverance in locating, copying, clipping, organizing and preserving over 5,000 obituaries of Winston County. He also greatly acknowledged businesses and organization for their excellent cooperation in the project.

The obituary files and reference guide were presented to Beth Edwards, Librarian of the Winston County Library, Wednesday, January 26, 2017. The files are to be preserved as an important part of our local history, and to be made available to persons researching their family history. Pictured above are just some of the WCGHS members and volunteers who gave their time and energy.








Monday, January 23, 2017

Jeff Harris Speaks to Winston Garden Club

The Winston Garden Club's speaker for January was Jeff Harris. He is shown here with garden club member Betty Sullivan.

Jeff gave an interesting presentation entitled " Honey Bee Decline".




Sunday, January 22, 2017

Updated Severe Weather Damage Reports:

Preliminary damage reports to the Mississippi Emergency Management Agency show 480 homes were damaged in four counties from severe weather. There were also four confirmed deaths and more than 50 injuries.

· Forrest County – 4 deaths; 56 injuries: 428 homes damaged; assessments are still ongoing throughout the county. Multiple roads are still closed due to debris.

· Lamar County – 30 homes damaged; multiple roads closed due to debris and flooding.

· Lauderdale County – One injury; 12 homes damaged.

· Perry County – One injury; 10 homes damaged; one road closed due to debris and flooding.

· Pike – Two homes damaged; one road closed.

· Wilkinson – Three homes damaged.

The National Weather Service in Jackson confirmed an EF-3 tornado struck portions of Lamar, Forrest, and Perry counties on Saturday.

There are an estimated 7,600 residents without power statewide, according to Mississippi Power and the Electric Power Association. The following utility companies are reporting:

· Entergy – Reporting 752 outages

· Dixie Electric Power Association – Reporting 1,465 outages

· Pearl River Electric Power Association – Reporting 2,676 outages

The State Emergency Operations Center remains activated with MEMA and key state agencies coordinating resources to the affected areas.




Saturday, January 21, 2017

Updated Severe Weather Damage Reports: 10:30 a.m.

The Mississippi Emergency Management Agency has confirmed three deaths and more than 20 injuries from severe weather that struck south Mississippi Saturday morning.

There is extensive damage from a tornado in Forrest County in and around the cities of Hattiesburg and Petal.

Gov. Phil Bryant has authorized a State of Emergency to provide state resources.

The State Emergency Operations Center is activated with MEMA and key state agencies coordinating resources to the affected areas.

Search and Rescue:
Two state search and rescue teams, Mississippi Task Force Two and Three have been deployed to Forrest County.

MS Department of Public Safety:
28 troopers have deployed to assist the Hattiesburg Police Department and Forrest County with search and rescue and traffic control.

MS Department of Transportation:
  • Highway 43 in Marion County is closed due to flooding. All other major state roadways are open.
  • There are power lines and debris over a large area so the public is asked to avoid travelling.
  • Eight MDOT Law Enforcement Officers have been deployed to assist the Hattiesburg Police Department
Power Outages:
There are more than 16,000 customers without power statewide.

Preliminary damage reports by county:
Forrest:
  •  Numerous homes damaged in cities of Hattiesburg and Petal.
  •  Fire Dept. in Petal damaged.
  •  William Carey College damaged.
  •  Numerous injuries reported
  • ·State’s search and rescue team deployed
  •  Salvation Army building damaged
  •  Multiple injuries reported
Jones
  •  Multiple homes damaged, one injury reported.
  •  Trees and power lines down.
Lamar:
  •  Numerous homes damaged.
Perry:
  •  Homes damaged.
Damage assessments are ongoing by county and city officials.

MEMA will provide updates as information becomes available. The best way to get up-to-date information during this event is to “Like” MEMA on Facebook, or “Follow” us on twitter @msema.





Thursday, January 19, 2017

MLC Looking For Positive Stories

MLC is looking to for ways to help tell the story of the importance of libraries to Mississippi communities. Susan Liles, Public Service Director of the Mississippi Library Commission is looking for compelling stories to share about how libraries are impacting citizens. She will be creating a short film to tell the library’s story.

Here’s some criteria she is looking for….
  • A child who has been impacted by library programs
  • A patron who got a job, passed a test, etc. because of library computers/assistance
  • A senior program that had an impactful result
Anyone who has been positively impacted by the Winston County Library, and would like to be part of this film project, please contact Beth Edwards at the Winston County Library. 662-773-3212 or email at winston@mmrls.lib.ms.us.



Tuesday, January 17, 2017

More Tax Forms Available At Winston County Library

The Winston County Library now has the following free tax forms available for the public:


 All State Tax Forms are available

The 1040EZ and 1040A Federal forms.  1040 forms have not arrived yet.

Limit of 2 of each forms per person.




Friday, January 13, 2017

Winston County Sheriff Makes Drug Arrest


Winston County Sheriff Deputies made a drug arrest on Friday afternoon (January 13) at 7319 Sturgis Road.  Kendrell Curtis, a convicted felon was arrested and charged with felony possession of a firearm, possession of cocaine with intent to distribute and resisting arrest. Officials confiscated 6.6 grams of cocaine, alcohol, firearms, ammunition and an undisclosed amount of money from Curtis at the time of his arrest. He is in custody at the Winston Choctaw County Correctional Facility.

















New Quilt Displayed at The Winston County Library

Here is another beautiful quilt display at the Winston County Library throughout the month of January and February.It is pieced by Martha Dubard and quilted by Ginger Phillipson. The name of the quilt is “McGinnis Beauty”.











Wednesday, January 11, 2017

Louisville Mayor Will Hill Announces Bid for Reelection

Press Release from current Mayor Will Hill on his bid for reelection.

I am thankful for the opportunity to have served as Mayor of the City of Louisville over the past eight years. We have accomplished a great deal in recent years, however it is with much confidence I proclaim, "we are just getting started". Rather than being defined by historical events, it is my hope we are making history. We have many opportunities to continue making Louisville a better place to live, work, and play; and it is for this reason I announce my reelection bid for Mayor of the City of Louisville, Mississippi. Many projects are underway in the life of our City, some of which are of historical magnitude. The most difficult aspects of theses projects are finance and patience, both of which are required. Be assured the City is following the steps for reimbursements, furthermore all projects must be approved and self funded before eligible for reimbursement. We strive to make the most of all opportunities and plan for the next five, ten, and twenty-five years while continuing to provide the essential services of the City of Louisville today. It has been one of the most challenging,educational, and rewarding experiences of my life and I humbly announce to the citizens of Louisville, "I want to finish what we have started." Again, thank you for the opportunity to serve our hometown.













Monday, January 9, 2017

Ribbon Cutting Held For New Storm Shelter at Nanih Wayia School


A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on Monday, January 9th for the new storm shelter and cafeteria located at the Nanih Waiya Attendance Center. The 6600 square foot safe room that will also serve as a cafeteria for the school has been built to withstand winds up to 250 miles per hour. Mark Dillard, Board President of the Louisville Municipal School District Board of Trustees opened the ceremony by thanking the many elected officials past and present and school officials who helped make the project successful.

Dillard noted that the project came in under budget and on time and met the goal to provide a safe place for students and the community to seek shelter in the event of severe weather and to also provide a fully functional cafeteria so desperately needed by the school. Dillard noted that the success of the project highlighted the effective partnership of the Louisville Municipal School District with government at all levels.

Sunday, January 8, 2017

Winston County Sheriff Asks For Public"s Assistance in Home Burglary Case

The Winston County Sheriff's Department is asking for the Public's assistance in identifying the man pictured here. This individual is wanted for questioning concerning a home burglary that occurred in the High Point area of Winston County. If you have any information or recognize this man, please contact the Winston County Sheriff's Department at 662-773-5881 or Winston County Crime Stoppers at 662-773-9999.

Saturday, January 7, 2017

Winter Blasts Drive Waterfowl To The South

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Every waterfowl hunter anticipates the cooperation of winter weather to turn the skies black with incoming ducks and geese as migratory journeys deliver the birds to decoy-laden waters in the South.Southern hunters frequently watch the forecast in hopes that winter weather up North will finally have the ducks packing up and heading our way.Waterfowl migrate to survive. Like all wildlife, waterfowl have two primary goals in life: to survive and to reproduce. And reproduction depends on survival.

Friday, January 6, 2017

ECCC Fall Sports Banquet Awards

Several members of the East Central Community College women’s soccer team were honored for their accomplishments during the 2016 season at the college’s Fall Sports Awards Banquet held recently on the Decatur campus.

Pictured (first row, from left) are sophomore forward Presley McLemore of Brandon High School, Warrior Award; sophomore forward Kenzie Jenkins of McLaurin High School, Mississippi Association of Community and Junior Colleges All-Star Team; sophomore defender Gabby Gross of Lewisburg High School, Best Defense Award, Team Captain Award, MACJC All-Star Team, and National Junior College Athletic Association All-Region 23; sophomore midfielder Ta’Nissa McNair of Forest High School, Hustle Award and MACJC All-Star Team; and sophomore goalkeeper Kaitlyn Knuth of West Lauderdale High School, Academic Award, Team Captain Award, Team Most Valuable Player Award, MACJC All-Star Team and NJCAA All-Region 23; (back row, from left) freshman forward Cailee Helen McClain of Starkville High School, MACJC All-State; freshman forward Sierra Maness of Corinth High School, Golden Boot Award and NJCAA All-Region 23; sophomore midfielder Piper Wallace of Harrison Central High School, MACJC All-Star Team; freshman midfielder Aubree Patterson of Richland High School, and MACJC All-State; and freshman midfielder Ashley Langham of Florence High School, MACJC All-State. (EC Photo)

Tax Forms Available At Winston County Library

State Tax Forms are available at the Winston County Library.    They have not yet received any Federal Forms.

Thursday, January 5, 2017

Community Storm Shelter for Nanih Waiya Now a Reality

After years of planning and working a path through governmental requirements and issues, a
Groundbreaking for Nanih Waiya Shelter in Spring of 2016
community storm shelter for Nanih Waiya has become a reality. There will be a ribbon cutting ceremony on Monday, January 9 for the new shelter and cafeteria combination located at the Nanih Waiya Attendance Center.

Attendees expected to be present include; State Senator Jenifer Branning, State Representatives Michael Evans and Joey Hood, MEMA Executive Director Lee Smithson and Mississippi First Lady Deborah Bryant.

The shelter project was in the works prior to the April 2014 tornado that devastated much of Winston County but the storm acted as a catalyst to speed the process. A groundbreaking ceremony was conducted in mid-March of 2016 and was completed in December.

The projected total construction cost of the project was $1,349,000 which was funded by FEMA and the Louisville Municipal School District due to the multi-purpose use of the structure as shelter and school cafeteria.

The ribbon cutting is scheduled for 10:30 am at the facility.


Armed Robbery Suspect in Custody

ELLIS The armed robbery suspect featured on WWN and Winston County CrimeStoppers is now in custody. Christopher Ellis, 28,  is accused of the  December 13th robbery of the Tobacco Outlet on South Church Street in Louisville. Bond is set at $150,000.












Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Friends of Dean Park and Girl Scouts Decorate Dean Park

Front row L to Right: Girl Scouts, Montana and Asia Eichelberger, Adrienne Liddell, Cameron Hathorne (with scarf), behind her is Markiaa Eiland and Jaelen Hathorne.
Back row L to R: Experience Works' Trainees, Jerome Moncrief, Mark Collins and Florence Thompson
(photo courtesy of Elmetra Patterson)
On Tuesday, December 20, 2016, a very cold day, Winston County Girl Scouts Troop #20012 with Experience Works' trainees decorated the Dean Park Pavilion and the 11-foot Fraser Fir Tree that was donated by Evergreen Garden Center, Louisville, MS. Friends of Dean Park, Inc. (FODP) sponsors this event annually. Hot chocolate and beautifully decorated cup cakes were served. The cup cakes were made by Lee Audrey Dailey-Summerour and Sandra Howze, members of FODP.

The Girl Scouts are dedicated to community services and have been volunteering since the inception of FODP in 2008. We thank them and wish them a very prosperous New Year. Montana Eichelberger is a freshman at USM, but came during her Christmas holiday to help. Actually, she helped to coordinate the event. We were impressed with the Girl Scouts dedication on such a cold day.

Submitted by: Elmetra Patterson







The J.M. Smucker Company Announces a Limited Voluntary Recall on Certain Lots of Canned Cat Food Due to Low Levels of Thiamine (Vitamin B1)

The J.M. Smucker Company today announced a limited voluntary recall on certain lots of 9LivesTM, EverPetTM, and Special KittyTM canned cat food due to possible low levels of thiamine (Vitamin B1).

The issue was discovered by the Quality Assurance team during review of production records at the manufacturing facility. No illnesses related to this issue have been reported to date and the product is being recalled out of an abundance of caution.

Cats fed diets low in thiamine for several weeks may be at risk for developing a thiamine deficiency. Thiamine is essential for cats. Symptoms of deficiency displayed by an affected cat can be gastrointestinal or neurological in nature. Early signs of thiamine deficiency may include decreased appetite, salivation, vomiting, and weight loss. In advanced cases, neurological signs can develop, which include ventroflexion (bending towards the floor) of the neck, wobbly walking, circling, falling, and seizures. Contact your veterinarian immediately if your cat is displaying any of these symptoms. If treated promptly, thiamine deficiency is typically reversible.

The affected product was distributed to a limited number of retail customers from December 20 through January 3, 2017.

BrandProduct DescriptionUPC Code Consumer UnitLot NumbersUnits per CaseSelling Unit SizeUPC Code on Case
9LivesMeaty Pate Chicken and Tuna791005223863548031213 oz7910052228
9LivesMeaty Pate Seafood Platter79100004026356803245.5 oz7910000402
9LivesMeaty Pate Seafood Platter7910000367635580364pk
5.5 oz each
7910003670
9LivesMeaty Pate Super Supper79100003276358803245.5 oz7910000327
9LivesMeaty Pate Super Supper7910000286635880364pk
5.5 oz each
7910002860
9LivesMeaty Pate Super Supper791005223963558031213 oz7910052229
9LivesMeaty Pate Super Supper791005223963648031213 oz7910052229
9LivesMeaty Pate with Chicken and Seafood7910000364 (793641)635680364pk
5.5 oz each
7910003640
9LivesMeaty Pate with Chicken and Tuna79100003246356803245.5 oz7910000324
9LivesMeaty Pate with Chicken Dinner79100004106356803245.5 oz7910000410
9LivesMeaty Pate with Liver and Chicken7910000312 (793121)635580364pk
5.5 oz each
7910000312
9LivesMeaty Pate with Ocean Whitefish79100004206358803245.5 oz7910000420
9LivesSeafood Poultry Variety Pack79100533776307803245.5 oz7910053377
9LivesMeaty Pate with Chicken & Tuna7910000366635780364pk
5.5 oz each
7910003660
EverPetMixed Grill Dinner791005311463568031213 oz7910053114
Special KittyBeef and Liver Dinner811311212063558031213 oz8113112120
Special KittyClassic Tuna Dinner811311215763588031213 oz8113112157
Special KittyMixed Grill Dinner with printed wrap81131096096355803112 pk
13 oz each
8113109609
Special KittyMixed Grill Dinner without printed wrap811311211963568031213 oz8113112119
Special KittySuper Supper811317904163558031213 oz7910079041


No other products of The J.M. Smucker Company are affected by this recall.

Consumers who have cans of cat food from the impacted lots should stop feeding it to their cats and call us at 1-800-828-9980 Monday through Friday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM EST or contact us at consumer.relations@jmsmucker.com.

The recall is being conducted in cooperation with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).



Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Betheden Fire District Rating Should Lead to Lower Insurance Premiums

In September of 2016 the Winston Board of Supervisors voted to establish the Betheden Fire Protection Rating District in northern Winston County with the goal of improving fire rating in the area and as a result reduce insurance costs for residents in that area.

In December, the Mississippi State Rating Board upgraded the classification of the Fire Protection District from a 10 class to a 7 class based upon the efforts of those involved with the fire district. This public protection classification applies to eligible properties within the fire district and within 5 miles of the responding fire department that serves that district.

Property owners who have dwellings within the district should now be eligible for a reduction in insurance premiums based upon this rating. As of December 19, property owners should contact their insurance companies to see if a reduction in rate is possible. Rate reductions could be as much as 30%.

To determine if you fall within the confines of the Betheden Fire Protection Rating District, a basic map is provided below. If you have more questions, contact your insurance agent or local officials concerning this matter.





Homestead Exemption Information

The Winston County Tax Assessor wants property owners to be aware that you may need to re-sign for Homestead Exemption if the following circumstances occur:

  • Turned 65 years old in 2016
  • Got married or divorced
  • Had a spouse who passed away
  • Became disabled
  • Moved
  • Built a new house
  • Bought or sold land
  • Had any change in your deed
  • Set up a Life Estate
  • 100% Service Related Disabled Veteran
The last day to re-sign for Homestead Exemption is March 31, 2017.
 If you have any questions, please call the Winston County Tax Assessors Office at 662-773-3694.






Fur Babies Available At The Louisville Animal Shelter



The two lovable guys pictured above are just some of many animals up for adoption at the Louisville Animal Shelter located on 110 Thompson Street. For more information on them or any others at the shelter, please call 662-773-3420. 

Gi Gi : Is a female, has not been spayed , very loving and needs a good home. She is around 1 and a half yrs old.

Darrius : Is a male, he has been neutered and is a very sweet baby. he is a 1 yr old bulldog mix.





Monday, January 2, 2017

MEMA Reports Storm Damage in Counties Across South and Central Ms


PEARL – The Mississippi Emergency Management Agency has received damage reports from severe weather in Mississippi. Several counties have damage to homes and power outages. No injuries are being reported. There are nearly 20,000 customers without power.

·       Entergy 11,042
·       Southern Pine Electric 7,329

Counties reporting damage:

·       Claiborne: Trees and powerlines down.
·       Clarke: Trees and powerlines down.
·       Copiah: Home and Sweetwater United Methodist Church damaged, trees and powerlines down.
·       Covington: Homes damaged, trees and powerlines down.
·       Forrest: Flash flooding and trees down.
·       Jefferson: Trees down.
·       Jones: Trees down.
·       Perry: Trees and powerlines down.
·       Lamar: Trees and powerlines down.
·       Lauderdale: Home damaged, trees and powerlines down.
·       Lawrence: Trees and powerlines down.
·       Lincoln: Home damaged and trees and powerlines down near Brookhaven.
·       Marion: Home damaged, trees and powerlines down.
·       Pearl River: Trees and powerlines down.
·       Pike: Homes damaged, trees and powerlines down.
·       Simpson: Homes and chicken houses damaged near Mendenhall.
·       Smith: Trees down and power outages.
·       Walthall: Homes damaged, trees and powerlines down.


The National Weather Service will determine if the damage was caused by tornadoes.

The State Emergency Operations Center is staffed and monitoring conditions and requests for resources from counties.

MEMA will provide updates as information becomes available. The best way to get up-to-date information during this event is to “Like” MEMA on Facebook, or “Follow” us on twitter @msema.


Dr. Valmadge T. Tomer To Speak At Martin Luther King Celebration

Valmadge T. Towner joined Coahoma Community College as president on July 1, 2013. As the fifth president, Dr. Towner serves as the college’s chief academic officer and superintendent of education for Coahoma Agricultural High School. His responsibilities include leading efforts to attract, recruit and retain highly talented individuals to Coahoma, as well as playing a central role in working to ensure the success of institutional goals over the next decade. Since arriving on campus, Dr. Towner has been instrumental in college-wide initiatives, such as leading the implementation of Coahoma’s Strategic Plan and furthering the College’s commitment to creating and maintaining an inclusive community which values, affirms, and advances the diverse aspirations, experiences and interests of all its members.